There are multiple kinds of kidney stones that can be found in people all over the world. Sometimes these stones can be easily passed through urine or they can be dissolved by drinking lots of water and taking certain medications. While in other cases surgery may be required. The treatment method largely depends upon the size of the stone. One interesting thing to be noted about the stones is that there exists a diet to help prevent kidney stones. By following the adequate diet the person can reduce the risk of developing kidney stones significantly.
Symptoms of kidney stones
Usually, the kidney stones do not show any symptoms in the initial stage but with time they may cause certain indications. Below we have listed out some kidney stones symptoms-
• Chronic pain in the belly, back or side areas of the body
• Pain or burning sensation during urination
• Urgent need for urination
• Blood in urine
• Cloudy or foul smell urine
• Nausea and vomiting
• Fever and chills
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Kinds of kidney stones
There are majorly four types of kidney stones. The size of kidney stones can be as small as a grain of sand or as sometimes larger than the pearl. The different types of kidney include the following-
The most common type of kidney stones is calcium oxalate stones. Oxalate is naturally occurring material that is found in common food items and is also made daily by your liver. There are some fruits and vegetables, as well as nuts and chocolate that contains the high level of oxalate content and thus can contribute to the formation of kidney stones.
Uric acid stones
The stones formed from the uric acid are called uric acid stones. Uric acid is the waste product that is normally passed out of the body in the urine. People are more likely to develop kidney stones if they have-
• Low urine output.
• A diet high in animal protein, such as red meat.
• An increase in how much alcohol you drink.
• The inflammation of the bowel disease.
Struvite stones can also be referred to as “infection stones” and “triple phosphate” stones. Also when they are formed in with kidney or urinary tract infections (UTIs) they are known as the infection stones. These stones are larger than the other types of stones and can occur with an infection in the person body thus they should be taken seriously. This stone is more likely to be caused in women as compared to men due to the higher risk of urinary infection in women. For the removal of these stones the multiple treatment procedures including antibiotics are usually needed.
The least common type of kidney stones that are made up of a chemical called cysteine is called cysteine stones. These stones are usually found in people who have a family history of a condition that results in too much cystine in the urine (cystinuria). In certain cases, these stones may be prevented or dissolved with medicine. However, if a stone causes blockage in the urinary tract or is too large, then it will need to be removed.
You can also watch this presentation, if you want to know more about kidney stones:-